Concrete Paving & Curb Construction
Ohio Paving & Construction is a commercial concrete parking lot, curb, sidewalk, paving, construction and repair company based in Willoughby, Ohio. We serve businesses and municipalities throughout Cleveland and Northeast Ohio directly with our full-service paving crew, including Cleveland, Mentor, Strongsville, Youngstown, Westlake, Parma, Cleveland Heights, Lorain, Garfield Heights, and North Olmsted, and have a deeply connected team of contractors available for concrete paving work across the state of Ohio. Ohio Paving & Construction is a commercial paving company that does not accept residential clients. Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) compliance is guaranteed with all paving projects we deliver. To get started on your free quote, fill out the form at the bottom of this page.
Concrete is increasingly less commonly used for paving roads and parking lots, and is generally seen in new paving projects for sidewalks, curbs, aprons, and entryways to commercial establishments. Ohio Paving & Construction has the capabilities to pour concrete for any purpose. See our portfolio for more information on concrete paving projects we’ve completed in the Cleveland area.
Concrete cement is made up of Portland cement, water, and an aggregate, such as sand, gravel or crushed stone. Through a chemical reaction called hydration, the paste transforms into the strong durable material we know as concrete, capable of structuring cost-efficient parking lots, commercial and residential buildings, sidewalks, bridges, roads and skyscrapers. Ohio Paving & Construction uses a careful measurement of the water used in the hydration reaction to deliver parking lots best-equipped to withstand the temperature variation that erodes the quality of a concrete parking lot over time.
A new pavement installation process begins with a base aggregate, such as gravel, with a layer of finer gravel above. This is known as the “sub-base.” Once we secure and mix the concrete cement from our cement company, the concrete cement is distributed, our commercial contractors use a heavy roller or other equipment to compact the concrete within the sub-base and smooth the surface. The most popular depths for a concrete parking lot in the Cleveland, Ohio area is 4″ or 6″, chosen by a determination of the expected traffic’s net weight, drainage quality, and temperature variation that the parking lot will endure. Concrete parking lots and other products are generally installed in joints or slabs to help preserve the aesthetic appeal of concrete. As it naturally shrinks and cracks, concrete joints encourage the cracking to occur along those lines, therefore concealing the appearance of cracking. A concrete parking lot with structural damage on the surface does not need to be replaced; instead, Ohio Paving and Construction can repair the concrete slab with additional concrete or remove the joint and replace it with a new joint.
Concrete or Asphalt?
While asphalt tends to be cheaper per square foot, concrete tends to require less maintenance over time. However, asphalt is usually cheaper than concrete to maintain when an issue does arise. At Ohio Paving and Construction, we understand that no matter which material you choose, its lifespan will be directly impacted by the strength of the foundation underneath. That’s why companies like Nestle in Solon, Ohio chose us to construct their parking lot expansion in 2015.
Concrete Paving Pricing
The following prices apply to new concrete paving jobs 4″ in depth.
0-5,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $9.50 Per Square Foot
5,001-20,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $9.00 Per Square Foot
20,001-50,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $8.50 Per Square Foot
50,001-100,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $7.50 Per Square Foot
100,000+ Square Foot Parking Lots: $6.00 Per Square Foot
The following prices apply to new concrete paving jobs 6″ in depth.
0-5,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $11.70 Per Square Foot
5,001-20,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $11.20 Per Square Foot
20,001-50,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $10.35 Per Square Foot
50,001-100,000 Square Foot Parking Lots: $8.85 Per Square Foot
100,000+ Square Foot Parking Lots: $7.90 Per Square Foot
It is important to note that while these prices are accurate characterizations of the costs of new asphalt paving jobs, there are additional variable costs which are assessed in a case-by-case basis. Therefore, determining the price of laying new asphalt is not as simple as calculating the square footage of the area and multiplying with the associated figure listed above. Varying costs include:
- The distance of the job site from our crew.
- The state of the land and/or sub-base where the concrete might be laid.
- The amount of time/effort is necessary for cleaning.
Concrete Cement Types
There are various formulations of Portland cement concrete that offer higher or lower levels of strength, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI), which can be used to maximize the lifespan of your parking lot within the confines of your budget. These formulations may also be chosen for use in specialized applications. Naturally, stronger concrete is more expensive, but is crucial for parking lots intended for freight storage, flatbed truck parking, storage container stacking, or sixteen-wheeler traffic. Types of vary by the proportion of material per square inch, and are classed and graded by American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM). Listed below are the types of Portland cement concrete set forth by the ASTM:
- Type 1: For use in general construction during normal paving weather, from buildings, bridges and pavements to curbs and precast units.
- Type 2: A cement with a low concentration of tricalcium aluminate (below 8%), allowing the material to last longer in extended exposure to sulfate ions in nature without incurring byproducts that will crack or damage cured concrete. Type 2 cement can be used in nearly every situation that Type 1 cement can, and often be mixed with comparable levels of chemical compounds; therefore, the designation Type I/II is often seen.
- Type 3: A cement mixture with aggregate that are ground more finely and cures significantly faster, with a comparable tricalcium aluminate level to Type 1. This is ideal for cold weather concreting. Downsides of type 3 cement include decreased workability and decreased strength.
- Type 4: Type 4 cement is rare these days, but was commonly used in structures including dams for its low heat of hydration. In modern times, contractors opt for cement concrete blends which are easier to obtain and have similar properties.
- Type 5: The fifth type of cement classified by the ASTM is a form of Type 2 cement with even lower levels of tricalcium aluminate present (5% or less). This increases its resistance to the effects of sulfate ion contact.
Portland Cement Admixtures For Increased Strength
There are several mineral admixtures that can be added to Portland cement concrete types for increased strength, decreased cost, or other advantages like increased workability and decreased hydration heat. Ground granulated blast-furnace slag is produced as a non-metallic byproduct of blast-furnaces and is a cost-effective replacement for Portland cement, as it conserves energy and therefore saves money. Ground slag used in Ohio Paving & Construction cement mixes conforms to ASTM C989.
Pozzolans are minerals that react with the byproducts of curing Portland cement, and gain cementitious properties when exposed to these products, achieving psi levels higher than that of Portland cement. For example; when fly ash is added to Portland cement, cured pavements with 12,000 psi to 15,000 psi can be obtained. Fly ash is the byproduct of coal burning in electric power plants. Because coal can vary widely in its composition, fly ash is similarly variable, and so contractors and cement mixing plant managers should refer to the ASTM C618: Specification for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete.
Another popular pozzolan is silica fume, a byproduct from the reduction of high-purity quartz with coal in the manufacture of silicon and ferrosilicon alloys. There is still significantly more research to be done on silica fume, but the strengthening properties of the material are remarkable (as it delivers psi levels greater than 15,000). All high strength concretes and ultra-high strength concretes contain silica fume.
What is generally regarded as “high strength concrete (HSC)” is any concrete with a psi greater than 15,000. Ultra-high strength/performance concrete is any concrete with a psi of 17,000 to 29,000 or more.
Concrete Grinding For Minor Trip Hazards
The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 defines any change in elevation of 1/4 inch over any joint or crack as a legal trip hazard. This is one of the leading reasons property owners call concrete paving contractors to have their concrete pavement restored. One of the most cost effective solutions to this problem is a simple “grinding” session, where the highest part of the concrete joint can be ground down into a smooth transition from one side of the crack or joint to the other. This costs hundreds or thousands of dollars less than a joint replacement, and takes significantly less time. Ohio Paving & Construction performs concrete grinding for businesses and cities throughout Ohio – reach out for more details.
Concrete Curb Construction
Curb construction is sometimes a necessary component of a resurfacing job when parking lot elevation has changed, or if the natural wear and tear of weather against concrete tarnishes the image of your business. A proper curb communicates a sense of professionalism and care to individuals walking towards an establishment. Functionally, curbs are useful to prevent moving vehicles from making contact with a building, preventing costly accidents from occurring. This same function also offers security to pedestrians. Curbs can also be built as part of a landscaping section of a parking lot, usually to separate rows of spaces or simply to develop customer-friendly aesthetics.
Most curbs are constructed at 18″ with a 6″ reveal, meaning 6 inches of cured concrete cement is visible above the ground and an additional 12″ sits below the surface to support the structure. In areas where sixteen-wheelers or large box trucks are driving through narrow passages, it may be important to install curbs with a 12″ reveal so drivers can be signified through physical rocking of the cab when they have made contact with the curb. A 6″ reveal may not cause enough movement to signify anything to the driver, and will deteriorate quickly as such high pressure loads regularly drive over the structure.
Ohio Paving & Construction offers curb construction services to all businesses and establishments in the Northeast Ohio area. Simply request our paving services to get started on your curb construction project.
Functioning sidewalks on your property or in a city can add a tremendous amount of curb appeal to your business. They can also serve as a great liability as trip hazards form when the concrete is in disrepair. We install each concrete slab individually, connected by a “joint” to minimize problems created by the eventual and inevitable cracking of the pavement. You can check out our sidewalk paving page for more details.